- Conservation of the plants
- Promoting the public interest in biodiversity
Located in the Province of Anta, district of Zurite, the project is found with marvelous agricultural architecture, with platforms of monumental dimensions and with retaining walls of more than three meters. There are two types of platforms, one purely agricultural and the smaller with the purpose of support. Currently this place is used by the experimental center, where they carry out work in conservation and improvement of Andean species. It is a sample of native flora and with it, is intended to promote interest in the biodiversity of our region. It represents a place of tourist recreation, as well as providing scientific and educational information.
Peru has a geographical location and special ecological conditions; it has varied types of climates and microclimates, it contains 84 life zones of the 114 existing in the world. Peru is among the 12 countries with the greatest biological diversity on earth, known as mega diverse countries, both for the number of species and genetic resources as well as the variety of ecosystems. It is estimated that it has some 25,000 known plant species, with 17,144 species of flowering plants (Angiosperms and Gymnosperms), of which 5,354 are endemic species (31.23%)
The use of medicinal plants in Peru is as old as our Andean culture, much knowledge is rooted in popular knowledge. However, the excessive “modernization” of Western Medicine has caused this knowledge to be relegated and in certain aspects, even forgotten. Within this context, the use of medicinal plants has been and will continue to be a preventive and curative alternative for health, but like all natural resources it is subject to indiscriminate extraction by simple collection and its consumption will not be guaranteed as long as there are no regulations that ensure their health and quality.
Types of cultivated plants
Within the main types of plants that grow in the Botanical Garden are:
- Native Fruit Trees
- Native Ornamentals
- Native Medicines
- Native Tubers
- The Ethnic Knowledge
The ethnic knowledge
The ethnic knowledge is about empowering knowledge with the existence of flora, because as long as plant resources exist, there will be someone who knows, uses and manages them, so the destruction of forests and the exclusion of their plant diversity will have an effect comparable to burning libraries in the western world.
At the present day, faced with the loss of natural ecosystems, the conservation of our biodiversity is the most important. In this way, we have to raise awareness and promote public interest in biodiversity, generate information to guarantee conservation programs.
In Peru there are 5000 varieties of plants with different purposes, 1044 medicinal species, 1608 ornamental species, 134 tinctorial species, 179 toxic species, among others.