The citadel of Machu Picchu is one of the most important constructions of the Inca Empire, but it is also one of the places that holds many mysteries that so far have not come to light and many continue to investigate and try to answer several questions.
In this article, we will know a little more about the secrets hidden in this beautiful Inca city.
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In short, Machu Picchu is not the "Lost City of the Incas" this name is attributed to the rediscovered Hiram Bingham in 1911 when he came across this Inca citadel; because from the beginning he was looking for the descendants of the Incas, and mistakenly decided to call this site because over time it was full of vegetation hence it receives that name.
After his death, in 1956, the name he assigned was denied. It is now believed that the city of Vilcabamba that he was looking for would be in the jungle about 80 km west of Machu Picchu, and many researchers have questioned whether the Inca city was really forgotten.
Machu Picchu was built between two small peaks, for which they had to remove earth and stones in order to create a flat space and from there raise the buildings that we see today. Which leave us speechless by the huge stones, its walls, thus demonstrating that they had great knowledge of civil and agricultural engineering (now known as well).
Engineer Kenneth Wrigth estimated that 60% of the construction done there is underground, and that much of it consists of deep foundations and crushed rock used as drainage.
In the Inca citadel there are several signs that point out the places we are visiting, but you should know that there is also a museum called Manuel Chavez Ballon, that takes us to the time of the 60s and 70s and shows us all the information about these ruins from how it was built and why the Incas chose it to build the citadel.
This is one of the places that will surprise us a lot, but we must have an open mind and open eyes, because it is located across the Huayna Picchu way to the Temple of the Moon; it is a ceremonial shrine where they placed their mummies on their special day. Definitely, it is a magnificent point that we must know if we go to Machu Picchu.
Currently, you can walk to the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu by the best known path in the Andes, we are talking about the Inca Trail which is done during 4 days, according to the Italian Giulio Magli indicates that this path had a ceremonial purpose in order to revive the celestial journey, for pilgrims to enter Machu Picchu.
According to the archaeologist, the Inca decided to build this Inca road in order to stop using the road that came from the Isla del Sol from where the first Inca left.
As you will realize, Machu Picchu was very important in the Incanate, because not only stands out with its walls, temples; but the same path was with a religious purpose, you could not take lightly the visit to this citadel, also still hides the great mystery that had at that time.