Botanical Garden of Native Plants Project in Zurite

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Joaquín Guerrero
May 12, 2022
Project objectives:
  • Conservation of plants
  • Promoting public interest in biodiversity

Located in the Province of Anta, the district of Zurite, wonderful agricultural architecture, with platforms of ten steps, extension lines with embankments of more than three meters with two types of platforms, one purely agricultural and others with support function. Currently, they use this place for the platforms of the experimental station where conservation and improvement of Andean species are carried out.

It is a sample of the autochthonous flora with which we intend to promote interest in the biodiversity of our region. To represent a place of tourist recreation, in addition to providing scientific and educational information.

Peru has a special geographic location and agroecological conditions. It has a variety of climates and microclimates, 84 of the 114 existing life zones, and is one of the 12 countries with the greatest biological diversity on earth (known as mega-diverse countries), both in number of species and genetic resources as well as in the variety of ecosystems. It is estimated to have about 25,000 known plant species, with 17,144 species of flowering plants (Angiosperms and Gymnosperms), of which 5,354 are endemic species (31.23%).

Medicinal plants

The use of medicinal plants in Peru is as old as our Andean culture. Much knowledge is rooted in tradition, however, the excessive "modernization" of Western medicine has caused these neglected skills to be forgotten. In this context, the use of medicinal plants have been and will continue to be a preventive and curative alternative for health, but like any natural resource is subject to indiscriminate extraction for simple collection. Consumption will not be guaranteed as long as there are no standards to ensure health and quality.

Types of cultivated plants

Among the main types of plants that grow in the Garden are:

  • Native fruit trees
  • Native ornamentals
  • Native medicines
  • Native tubers

Ethnoknowledge

Ethno-knowledge is closely related to the existence of flora, because as long as plant resources exist, there will be those who know, use and manage them. The destruction of forests and the exclusion of their plant diversity will have an effect comparable to the burning of libraries in the western world.

Why?

At present, given the loss of natural ecosystems, ex situ conservation appears as an alternative that, in addition to raising awareness and promoting public interest in biodiversity, will generate information to guarantee conservation programs.

In Peru there are 5000 varieties of plants for different purposes, including 1044 medicinal species, 1608 ornamental species, 134 colorants, 179 toxic species, among others.

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